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Using Vue in Markdown

In VitePress, each Markdown file is compiled into HTML and then processed as a Vue Single-File Component. This means you can use any Vue features inside the Markdown, including dynamic templating, using Vue components, or arbitrary in-page Vue component logic by adding a <script> tag.

It's worth noting that VitePress leverages Vue's compiler to automatically detect and optimize the purely static parts of the Markdown content. Static contents are optimized into single placeholder nodes and eliminated from the page's JavaScript payload for initial visits. They are also skipped during client-side hydration. In short, you only pay for the dynamic parts on any given page.

SSR Compatibility

All Vue usage needs to be SSR-compatible. See SSR Compatibility for details and common workarounds.



Each Markdown file is first compiled into HTML and then passed on as a Vue component to the Vite process pipeline. This means you can use Vue-style interpolation in text:


{{ 1 + 1 }}




Directives also work (note that by design, raw HTML is also valid in Markdown):


<span v-for="i in 3">{{ i }}</span>


1 2 3 

<script> and <style>

Root-level <script> and <style> tags in Markdown files work just like they do in Vue SFCs, including <script setup>, <style module>, etc. The main difference here is that there is no <template> tag: all other root-level content is Markdown. Also note that all tags should be placed after the frontmatter:

hello: world

<script setup>
import { ref } from 'vue'

const count = ref(0)

## Markdown Content

The count is: {{ count }}

<button :class="$style.button" @click="count++">Increment</button>

<style module>
.button {
  color: red;
  font-weight: bold;

Avoid <style scoped> in Markdown

When used in Markdown, <style scoped> requires adding special attributes to every element on the current page, which will significantly bloat the page size. <style module> is preferred when locally-scoped styling is needed in a page.

You also have access to VitePress' runtime APIs such as the useData helper, which provides access to current page's metadata:


<script setup>
import { useData } from 'vitepress'

const { page } = useData()

<pre>{{ page }}</pre>


  "path": "/using-vue.html",
  "title": "Using Vue in Markdown",
  "frontmatter": {},

Using Components

You can import and use Vue components directly in Markdown files.

Importing in Markdown

If a component is only used by a few pages, it's recommended to explicitly import them where they are used. This allows them to be properly code-split and only loaded when the relevant pages are shown:

<script setup>
import CustomComponent from '../components/CustomComponent.vue'

# Docs

This is a .md using a custom component

<CustomComponent />

## More docs


Registering Components Globally

If a component is going to be used on most of the pages, they can be registered globally by customizing the Vue app instance. See relevant section in Extending Default Theme for an example.


Make sure a custom component's name either contains a hyphen or is in PascalCase. Otherwise, it will be treated as an inline element and wrapped inside a <p> tag, which will lead to hydration mismatch because <p> does not allow block elements to be placed inside it.

Using Components In Headers

You can use Vue components in the headers, but note the difference between the following syntaxes:

MarkdownOutput HTMLParsed Header
 # text <Tag/> 
<h1>text <Tag/></h1>text
 # text `<Tag/>` 
<h1>text <code>&lt;Tag/&gt;</code></h1>text <Tag/>

The HTML wrapped by <code> will be displayed as-is; only the HTML that is not wrapped will be parsed by Vue.


The output HTML is accomplished by Markdown-it, while the parsed headers are handled by VitePress (and used for both the sidebar and document title).


You can escape Vue interpolations by wrapping them in a <span> or other elements with the v-pre directive:


This <span v-pre>{{ will be displayed as-is }}</span>


This {{ will be displayed as-is }}

Alternatively, you can wrap the entire paragraph in a v-pre custom container:

::: v-pre
{{ This will be displayed as-is }}`


{{ This will be displayed as-is }}

Unescape in Code Blocks

By default, all fenced code blocks are automatically wrapped with v-pre, so no Vue syntax will be processd inside. To enable Vue-style interpolation inside fences, you can append the language with the -vue suffix, e.g. js-vue:


Hello {{ 1 + 1 }}


Hello 2

Using CSS Pre-processors

VitePress has built-in support for CSS pre-processors: .scss, .sass, .less, .styl and .stylus files. There is no need to install Vite-specific plugins for them, but the corresponding pre-processor itself must be installed:

# .scss and .sass
npm install -D sass

# .less
npm install -D less

# .styl and .stylus
npm install -D stylus

Then you can use the following in Markdown and theme components:

<style lang="sass">
  font-size: 20px

Using Teleports

Vitepress currently has SSG support for teleports to body only. For other targets, you can wrap them inside the built-in <ClientOnly> component or inject the teleport markup into the correct location in your final page HTML through postRender hook.

<script setup lang="ts">
import { ref } from 'vue'
const showModal = ref(false)

  <button class="modal-button" @click="showModal = true">Show Modal</button>

  <Teleport to="body">
    <Transition name="modal">
      <div v-show="showModal" class="modal-mask">
        <div class="modal-container">
          <p>Hello from the modal!</p>
          <div class="model-footer">
            <button class="modal-button" @click="showModal = false">

<style scoped>
.modal-mask {
  position: fixed;
  z-index: 200;
  top: 0;
  left: 0;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  background-color: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);
  display: flex;
  align-items: center;
  justify-content: center;
  transition: opacity 0.3s ease;

.modal-container {
  width: 300px;
  margin: auto;
  padding: 20px 30px;
  background-color: var(--vp-c-bg);
  border-radius: 2px;
  box-shadow: 0 2px 8px rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.33);
  transition: all 0.3s ease;

.model-footer {
  margin-top: 8px;
  text-align: right;

.modal-button {
  padding: 4px 8px;
  border-radius: 4px;
  border-color: var(--vp-button-alt-border);
  color: var(--vp-button-alt-text);
  background-color: var(--vp-button-alt-bg);

.modal-button:hover {
  border-color: var(--vp-button-alt-hover-border);
  color: var(--vp-button-alt-hover-text);
  background-color: var(--vp-button-alt-hover-bg);

.modal-leave-to {
  opacity: 0;

.modal-enter-from .modal-container,
.modal-leave-to .modal-container {
  transform: scale(1.1);
  <Teleport to="#modal">
      // ...

Released under the MIT License.